are numerous conditions associated with pediatric care that
require highly specialized treatment, and many are present
at birth. These conditions include scoliosis, congenital clubfoot
deformities, spina bifida, and cerebral palsy. Treatment is
sometimes conservative, but in some cases, intricate surgical
procedures are necessary.
is a curvature of the spine. Because there are few symptoms
associated with it, the curve is usually detected during a
physical examination, and x-rays should confirm it. Treatment
depends on the severity of the curve and the time of its onset.
Bracing is used to straighten the spine, but surgery is sometimes
needed in order to straighten and fuse the vertebrae together.
clubfoot deformity is a condition in which the foot is rigidly
deformed. It can sometimes be corrected with casting and bracing,
but surgery is often needed.
bifida is a condition in which vertebrae do not develop normally,
exposing part of the spinal cord. The most common forms of
this condition are less severe, while in more severe forms
the spinal cord actually protrudes. Surgery is necessary to
close the gap in the spinal cord. Many lower extremity deformities
may require life long bracing and often surgical intervention
palsy is the result of an injury to the brain in which there
is poor muscle control, paralysis, and other neurological
conditions. There is no cure for cerebral palsy, but the secondary
deformities and effects can be treated.